jamur kancing

Mushroom Cultivation and Harvesting

Mushroom Cultivation and Harvesting

Mushroom cultivation is a technical process. As mushroom professionals often talk in a technical language, a few of these terms will first be explained :

Mycelium – the fungal threads (comparable to plant roots) that sprout the mushrooms.

Spores – miniscule mushroom ‘seeds’ that are kept safe in the brown gills under the cap of the mushroom (almost impossible to see with the naked eye).

Grain spawn – sterile grain inoculated with mushroom spores. The mycelium sprouts from the spores and retrieves food from the grain.

Compost – a mixture of horse manure, straw, gypsum and chicken manure.

Permeated compost – compost that has been mixed with grain spawn. The mycelium permeates the compost. The grower creates the perfect conditions under which the mycelium will start sprouting mushrooms.

Casing – a layer of peat covering the compost to regulate the humidity of the compost. The peat is often mixed with foam soil (spent lime), a by-product of the sugar industry.

Flush – a cropping cycle of mushrooms, from the moment they pop their heads above the casing.

Selengkapnya

jamur kancing

Budidaya Jamur Kancing (1)

budidaya jamur kancing champignon agaricus bisporus bibit jamur kancing

Budidaya Jamur Kancing

Budidaya jamur kancing memiliki tahapan yang hampir sama dengan jamur kompos lainnya seperti jamur merang. Dimulai dengan pengomposan media, sterilisasi media, inokulasi/penanaman bibit, inkubasi dan pemanenan.

Artikel Selengkapnya

FUNGI FACT AND NEWS

JAMUR DI NEGERI KANGGURU

mushroom australia.rumajamurJamur merupakan komoditas hortikultura ke-6 terpenting  bagi dunia agribisnis Australia dan merupakan produk hortikultura segar ke 3 terlaku di pasar swalayan. Jenis jamur yang paling popular di sana adalah jamur kancing (Agaricus bisporus)

Pengembangan industri jamur Australia kini meliputi penggunakan teknologi modern dan sistem manajemen yang lebih maju. Terdapat 77 produsen jamur komersial berskala besar di Australia, industri tersebut menyediakan lapangan kerja bagi 4000 orang.

Dalam periode 2008-2009, produksi jamur kancing Australia mencapai 61.000 ton senilai $300 juta. Sekitar 98% produksi domestic dimanfaatkan sebagai produk segar dan hanya 2% yang diproses menjadi produk olahan.