jamur kancing

Mushroom Cultivation and Harvesting

Mushroom Cultivation and Harvesting

Mushroom cultivation is a technical process. As mushroom professionals often talk in a technical language, a few of these terms will first be explained :

Mycelium – the fungal threads (comparable to plant roots) that sprout the mushrooms.

Spores – miniscule mushroom ‘seeds’ that are kept safe in the brown gills under the cap of the mushroom (almost impossible to see with the naked eye).

Grain spawn – sterile grain inoculated with mushroom spores. The mycelium sprouts from the spores and retrieves food from the grain.

Compost – a mixture of horse manure, straw, gypsum and chicken manure.

Permeated compost – compost that has been mixed with grain spawn. The mycelium permeates the compost. The grower creates the perfect conditions under which the mycelium will start sprouting mushrooms.

Casing – a layer of peat covering the compost to regulate the humidity of the compost. The peat is often mixed with foam soil (spent lime), a by-product of the sugar industry.

Flush – a cropping cycle of mushrooms, from the moment they pop their heads above the casing.



Menumbuhkan Jamur dengan Media Ampas Kopi (kopi dan Jamur bagian 2)

Membudidayakan jamur tidak selalu harus menggunakan media dasar berupa serbuk gergajian kayu ataupun jerami. Ada banyak pilihan media limbah yang bisa dimanfaatkan, salah satunya ampas kopi. artikel selengkapnya